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Here are some characteristics and definitions for the various fabrics and products we sell. While we are working on building the definitions, we wanted to share these with you.
A cut filling-pile fabric with lengthwise ridges, or wales, that may vary from fine (pinwale) to wide. Extra filling yarns float over a number of warp yarns that form either a plain-weave or twill-weave ground. After the fabric is woven the floating yarns are cut, and the pile is brushed and singed to produce a clear cord effect. Originally a cotton fabric, it may also be made of man-made fibers such as rayon, polyester, or acrylic. It is used in the manufacturing of trousers, coats, and slip covers.
LYCRA™ is a registered trademark of INVISTA...Spandex or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity (stretchability). It is stronger and more durable than rubber, its major non-synthetic competitor. It was invented in 1959 by DuPont chemist Joseph Shivers. When first introduced it revolutionized many areas of the clothing industry. Spandex is the preferred name in North America and Australia, while elastane is most often used elsewhere, such as in Europe. It turns out that "spandex" was coined from an anagram of "expands." A well-known trademark for spandex or elastane is INVISTA's brand name Lycra®. Other trademarks include Elaspan (also INVISTA's), Dorlastan (Bayer) and Linel (Fillattice). We think you'll appreciate the quality of the cotton lycra, cotton spandex that we offer here at Sewzanne's Fabrics!
Denim is a particularly common twill weave.
A flannel is created by taking a cotton or rayon fabric and gently napping one or both sides. The napping is done by passing the woven fabric through a machine with rollers that are covered with wire bristled brushes. The fibers are literally raised from the surface of the fabric. This process creates insulating air cells that provide more warmth than plain cotton or rayon fabrics.
Pile knit fabric with uncut loops on one side. It is called fleece if the loops are sheared and brushed. A pile, woven fabric with uncut loops is called terrycloth.
One of the strongest plant fibers. This is a great choice for home decoration, comfortable work clothes, or anywhere where comfort and durability are needed. Hemp fabric is made from the stems of the plant. The stems are processed to dissolve the gum or pectin and separate the fibers which are then processed again and woven into yarns and fabric. Hemp fabric withstands water better than any other textile product. It wrinkles easily and should not be creased excessively to avoid wear and breakage of the fibers. Hemp Fleece - Hemp cotton fleece fabric is plain on one side with a brushed surface on the reverse side. It is the softest of all our hemp fabrics and is a popular fabric used to make diapers. Fantastic for sweatshirts, jackets, sweatpants, leg warmers and other apparel which uses regular cotton fleece. It is also a good lining fabric for jackets.
A knit of two interlocked yarns creating a 1 x 1 rib, with the same stitch structure on either side. Resilient interlock fabric is versatile in application, from underwear to outerwear. Plain interlock stitch fabrics are thicker, heavier, and more stable than single knit constructions.
Knit fabric is made with a process of interlocking stitches. The knitting process creates vertical rows of stitches that hang on to each other. This process creates the stretch that knits are known for. Cotton Lycra/Spandex Jerseys can have some 4 way stretch.
Linen is breathable, comfortable in warm weather, has excellent color fastness, and is also one of the strongest natural fibers. One of the oldest textile fibers, the finest linen comes from the blue-flowered flax plant grown mainly in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
CPSIA Certified - Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act Feb-09 FABUTHANE™ is an aromatic polyether polyurethane film/sheet product, which exhibits excellent hydrolysis and fungus resistance. This combination of properties makes it an excellent choice for applications where high humidity and water exposure are likely along with low air permeability (inflatables). Resistance to acid and base solutions is also very good. Its melt processing is characterized by a low Melt Flow Rate. It is also formulated with an anti-block additive to allow the film to have good surface slip properties. ...and now in English: PUL is great for waterproofing diaper covers and bibs. It's non-breathable which means your baby's clothes stay dry. Features: * Coating stretch with all fabrics with complete recovery. Coating will stretch up to 200% * Highly abrasion resistant (40 times greater than vinyl) * Burst strength: 100psi PLUS * Mildew proof * Waterproof * Washable and dry cleanable on most fabrics * Soil wipes off with a damp cloth * Coating can be sandwiched between two fabrics 1 mil vs. 2 mil.? * 1 mil is slightly thinner, drapes a little more, and is less water resistant than 2 Mil. * 2 Mil is a touch thicker, slightly stiffer than 1 Mil and more water resistant.
(also known as Ribbing) Very elastic reversible fabric with alternating vertical rows of ribs and wales. Rib knits have a very high degree of elasticity in the crosswise direction. Commonly used for complete garments and for sleeve bands, neck bands, sweater waistbands, and special types of trims. Use with other knit or woven fabrics. A soft, plain-knitted fabric.
A heavier weight Stretch Knit Terry with one side brushed to be very soft and fleece like.
Cotton or cotton blend knit fabrics that have smooth face and brushed back. The weight of the fabric and amount of cotton used can vary. Typically cotton content will be at least 50% of the total fiber content. The more cotton used will result in a softer and higher quality end product. The benefit of adding a synthetic fiber like polyester, will be to ensure the garment will have less shrinkage and be faster drying. By brushing the backside of the fabric, you add bulk and warmth to the fabric. Newer variations of the topside have been introduced creating texture and patterns into the face.
Twill is a basic fabric weave where the filling yarn that runs the width of the fabric goes over and under two or more warp yarns that runs the length of the fabric. This creates a diagonal pattern. Twill fabric can also have a herringbone pattern. Any fiber can be used for a twill weave. A twill weave is soft and durable.
A medium weight, closely woven fabric with a thick pile. It can be made using either a plain weave or a satin weave construction. It resembles velvet, but has a lower cut pile. End uses include apparel, upholstery, and drapes.
Source: CyberFiber Online
A minimum of two separate systems of threads (warp & weft) that is interlaced.
Warp: The set of yarns that are held in tension on the loom and are perpendicular to the weft threads. These threads also determine the length of the woven cloth.
Weft: This set of yarns determines the width of the woven cloth and are perpendicular to the warp. In contrast these threads are free moving until interlaced with the warp and subsequently woven.
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